Climate change hits Winter Olympic preparation

first_imgThis photo taken from a 4K video and dated Tuesday, Oct. 17, 2017 shows Ashley Caldwell, the 2017 women’s aerials skiing world champion from the United States, as she soars through the air during jump training in Saas-Fee, Switzerland. Because snow is no longer guaranteed early in the season at their headquarters in Park City, Utah, she and other members of the US aerials national team went to train high on the Saas-Fee glacier ahead of the 2018 Pyeongchang Olympics. (AP Photo/John Leicester)SAAS-FEE, Switzerland — The athletes’ half-hour commute in the Swiss Alps — up two gondolas, then through a tunnel in the world’s highest underground train to a glacier at 11,000 feet — served up daily grim reminders that global warming is threatening their line of work.After exiting the train, they squelched through a field of grayish mud to reach shrinking snowfields scarred by new crevasses. Occasionally, they heard the sharp roars of glacial ice breaking off in monster chunks, then echoing across the peaks where they trained jumps, tricks and turns for the Pyeongchang Olympics. Most days, they basked in brilliant, snow-melting sunshine that bathed the whole scene in deceptive beauty.ADVERTISEMENT Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina The hunt for offseason training spots like these is increasingly a scramble, and not just for the Americans. The hellishly named “Lucifer” heat wave that baked Europe in July and August wreaked havoc on teams’ schedules. Canadian skicross racers had to cancel plans to train on Italy’s Stelvio glacier that turned a sickly gray, rerouting to Mount Hood, Oregon, instead. Canadians endured issues elsewhere, scrubbing a planned summer training trip to Argentina because of hostile weather and extreme winds.France’s moguls team cut short a July training camp on its home glacier in Tignes after a crevasse opened under the course, which this year had just one jump instead of the usual two because of a shortage of snow, said team member Ben Cavet.He was shocked by the visible deterioration of his regular venue for summer training .“It’s crazy, you know? I always thought global warming was like your granddad going, ‘Oh, I used to go and ski here 20 or 30 years ago and there was more snow,’” Cavet said in an interview. “But now we really are talking eight years. I can see a huge difference. Up on the glacier, now there’s this huge cliff, you know like a big rock, that you couldn’t even see before.”“It is worrying, very worrying,” he added. “What scares me about global warming is that you can see that the world is suffering in some of the most beautiful places on Earth.”ADVERTISEMENT Brian Heruela arrival bolsters Phoenix backcourt, defense The quest for reliable spots is becoming more competitive, and securing training locales is increasingly using up coaches’ time and budgets.“I need to be progressive and search out new spots,” said Jankowski, who has had to add more reliable European venues to a global travel schedule that already includes trips to New Zealand and other locations in the Southern Hemisphere.In October, skiing and snowboard athletes from the U.S. and dozens of other nations lined up before dawn, doing warmup exercises in the dark as they waited, to squeeze aboard the first gondola up to Saas-Fee’s glacier. It also is in retreat , no longer reaching down to above the no-cars-allowed resort town, as it did in the 1930s.Environmentally minded athletes are wrestling with the moral dilemma of contributing to atmospheric pollution with their widening search for snow.“We take planes to go overseas. We take cars every day to go training,” said French snowboard-cross racer Pierre Vaultier, gold medalist at the 2014 Sochi Games. “We are not examples about how to decrease global warming.”U.S. gold-medal snowboarder Jamie Anderson said it’s easy to get “sucked into the system, whether you want to or not.”“It’s hard to get out until you consciously make the decision,” Anderson said. “With how passionate I am about snowboarding, it’s hard to make that shift.”Well aware of the impact snow sports are having on the environment, Burton Snowboards recently announced a series of changes aimed at diminishing its environmental footprint.The growing frequency of warm winters has, indeed, hurt the financial health of the industry, including ski resorts that form the backbone of the recreational side of the sport. A study commissioned by the Natural Resources Defense Council and the athletes’ group Protect Our Winters found that skier visits in New Hampshire were 17 percent lower and ski resort revenue was $54 million less in the “low-snow” winters of 2001-02 and 2006-07, as compared with higher snowfall winters of 2007-08 and 2008-09. The differences between low- and high-snow seasons in Colorado were 8 percent in visits and $154 million in revenue.The increased frequency of warm-weather race disruptions on the pro circuits also is causing alarm. Mild temperatures and lack of snow in Germany, Croatia and Michigan hit the 2015-16 season with multiple cancellations and venue changes. Last season began with events in Colorado and Alberta scrubbed because of lack of snow. This season’s early Alpine event in Beaver Creek, Colorado, was run on almost all man-made snow that turned glassy in the warming sunshine. MOST READ Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ’a duplicitous move’ – Lacson LATEST STORIES Redemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie Thompson Salah, the prolific frontman making Liverpool’s ‘Fab 4’ sing Another subtle but telltale indicator of climate change’s disruptive impact on winter sports: Many athletes — here 5,000 miles away from the Rockies and 3,500 miles from the Green Mountains of New England — had the letters “USA” emblazoned on their jackets. Americans once had little need to swap continents to guarantee offseason access to snow. But warming is forcing athletes to hunt farther from home for wintry conditions, particularly just months away from an Olympics.“Without the snow and the cold in the places in the States where it’s normally cold, we have to travel over here and find a place on a glacier to get a couple of jumps off,” said Jon Lillis, world champion in aerials skiing. “Something that terrifies every winter athlete daily is the fact that the conditions are not as good as they used to be. You see videos of people skiing on glaciers back in the ’80s and ’70s, and half of that glacier doesn’t even exist anymore .”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkLast year, the aerials team stopped water training at its headquarters in Park City, Utah, in mid-October, then sat and waited a month for snow that came late to the mountain that hosted the Winter Games 15 years ago. The World Cup season began in China, and the Americans were forced to travel there not having set foot on snow in months. The results, not surprisingly, were dismal: not a single podium and only one finish in the top 5.Lesson learned: This season, they uprooted to glaciers at Saas-Fee, Switzerland, and Ruka, Finland, for autumn training needed to be competitive at February’s Winter Games in South Korea. Scottie Thompson also worthy of Finals MVP, thinks Cone Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours Biathlon venues such as Ruhpolding in Germany and Ostersund, Sweden, commonly now make thousands of cubic yards of snow at the end of winter and store it through summer beneath tarps and wood chips for early-season races the next winter.“We used to have relatively reliable conditions at all biathlon venues around the world,” said Max Cobb, the president of U.S. Biathlon. “You can’t count on it anymore.”Temperatures in the 40s and 50s greeted freestyle skiers and snowboarders at their world championships in Spain last March, creating mushy conditions like those that took some of the shine off the 2014 Sochi Games and the 2010 Olympics in Vancouver.“It’s a scary thing right now for winter sports. There’s fewer and fewer places and all the glaciers are melting,” U.S. aerials coach Matt Saunders said in Saas-Fee. “It’s definitely getting harder and harder to get on snow early, for sure. We are having to travel further and further.”Scientists warn that worse is to come for winter sports, and that more warming will render proven Olympic venues unsuitable , even with greater use of artificial snow-making. Much has been said about the scarcity of snow in Beijing and surrounding areas, which will host the 2022 Winter Games, though officials have frequently brushed off the problem and promised to make enough artificial snow.Park City is in the mix for the 2026 and 2030 Olympics. The irony is not lost on Olympians who live there but had to travel the globe to train for Pyeongchang.“In my career, a lot of times, it’s been really easy to chalk things up to it being a bad winter,” said U.S. aerialist Mac Bohonnon. “But (warming is) undeniable. And the more I’ve traveled, the more I’ve seen that it’s a pretty common theme wherever you go.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Other glaciers suffered, too:— Austria’s Moelltaler Glacier closed from Aug. 15-Sept. 7 because of what its operators said were “water gutters in the ice” and other safety concerns.— The Stubai Glacier, also in Austria, is deteriorating. U.S. coach Mike Jankowski, who brought some of the snowboarders and freeskiers there after the Saas-Fee trip, said there are concerns that some of the big buildings, drilled into the permafrost on the glacier, might not be stable for much longer.— Italy’s Stelvio, billed as the Alps’ largest summer skiing area, shut for 21 days in August , a sobering first since the opening of its lifts in the 1950s. Italian athletes who still came to train were hauled up on snow-cats.“Partly it was because of the heat,” said Umberto Capitani, in charge of the ski area. “But it’s also been three years that we’ve had very little snowfall.”— The Horstman Glacier in Whistler, Canada, near the 2010 Olympic Alpine venue, has deteriorated so badly that a renowned recreational snowboard camp was canceled , and other activities curtailed.“There used to be like nine lanes for different camps there, and now it’s five or six,” said U.S. moguls skier Troy Murphy. “We still go there. It’s still pretty good. But the amount it’s shrunk, the snow is so much lower.”— Glaciers of the French Alps lost an average of 25 percent of their surface area between 2003 and 2015, and the rate of shrinkage nearly tripled, according to a study being readied for publication early next year.French researcher Antoine Rabatel said it is “highly probable” that the same trends will show up at glaciers elsewhere in Europe, as winters get shorter and summers hotter.Winter sports training, he said, is “going to become harder and harder.” Meralco ‘never the same’ after Almazan injury in PBA Finals Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award View comments Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. last_img read more

GCAA meets with American Airlines

first_img…operations to commence in NovemberOfficials of the Guyana Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA) and American Airlines (AA) met this week to discuss requirements that must be fulfilled by the airline before it commences operating in Guyana.Leading the GCAA team was Director General Egbert Field, while the team from American Airlines was led by John Williams.At the meeting, Field made clear that the GCAA is committed to doing its part in facilitating the application process of American Airlines, and assured AA officials of the GCAA’s robust oversight capabilities.Williams indicated that American Airlines is enthusiastic about operating in GuyanaGCAA Director General, Lieutenant Colonel (Retired) Egbert Fields, with the American Airlines officialsduring the time of the ICAO Air Transport Meeting, which is scheduled to be held in Guyana from November 21 to 23 of this year. It was revealed that AA is interested in providing scheduled flights on the Miami-Georgetown course commencing from November 15.American Airlines is hoping to start operations with four flights per week, and have daily flights from June 2019. American Airlines has already commenced the process for approval to conduct scheduled operations on the Miami-Georgetown route.This airline is coming to this country at a time when, for the first time in its aviation history, Guyana will be hosting the International Civil Aviation Organisation’s (ICAO’s) Air Transport Meeting, which will attract delegates from many of the ICAO’s 192-member states.AA had, earlier this year, expressed interest in operating flights in Guyana. Then the Fort Worth Texas-based carrier later announced that it would begin offering seats on the route from December 20, 2018, with tickets going on sale from April 2. However, that was before any permission was actually sought from the GCAA for the operations.last_img read more

Porter slapped with robbery under arms charge

first_img…begs Magistrate for bailA porter attached to August Beverages located on Norton and Green Streets, Georgetown could face prison time if found culpable of a robbery under arms charge.Akeem Sinclair, of Lot 237 Lodge Housing Scheme, Georgetown, denied the allegation when he appeared at the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts on Tuesday.The charge stated that on July 29, 2018 in the vicinity of Longden Street, Georgetown, while Sinclair was in the company of another and being armed with a gun, he robbed money changer Ricford Richardson of $120,000.The prosecution is contending that on the day in question, the defendant went to Longden Street, Georgetown where the Virtual Complainant (VC) operated a money-changing business and demanded that he handed over his cash.The court heard that the accused then brandished a gun and shot the victim once to his lower body. It was after the shots were fired that the VC being fearful for hisAkeem Sinclair bows his head as he is escorted to prisonlife, handed over the money. Sinclair then escaped on a waiting motorcycle.The injured money changer was picked up by public-spirited persons and rushed to the Georgetown Public Hospital where he was admitted as a patient.In a bail application on his own behalf, Sinclair told Chief Magistrate Ann McLennan that he was picked up by a friend, who offered him a ride home. “I didn’t know, me ain’t know nothing,” he exclaimed.Moreover, the young man pleaded with the Magistrate to be lenient with him, since he was a first-time father with a one-week-old baby.The Prosecutor objected to bail, and his submission was upheld by the Chief Magistrate. The case will continue on August 31, 2018.last_img read more

Tempting offers on fashionably cool coats at McElhinneys

first_imgThere’s nip in the air these days, and there’s no nicer feeling than donning a new winter coat and stepping out into a crisp autumn day. Whatever your winter outfit calls for, McElhinneys have you covered. The hugely popular fashion store is running a tempting offer of 20% off womens and mens coats instore and online when you spend €99. This deal ends on Saturday, and we’ve got a guide on the top trends for women to help you make the decision.This season’s outerwear trends are both chic and versatile, and with a new coat from McElhinneys, you’ll be ready to face the elements in style. Wrap up warm in a cosy wrap coat. We’ve seen the pyjama trend popping up throughout the year in the form of satin blouses and slip dresses, and now we can carry that look into winter with a wrap coat that is as comforting as a dressing gown.The wide lapel and waterfall drapes of these styles are ideal for layering, while belted waists serve to accentuate your curves and create a feminine hourglass figure.Puffer-style jackets have made a comeback this year and have graduated to become must-have winter staples. The insulation they offer is too good to turn down, and the former fashion faux-pas has been adapted to become slimline and flattering. Opt for classic colours for your padded jacket buy to bring practical winterwear into a chic ensemble.Top model Gigi Hadid raised the ranks of military style when she championed her Tommy Hilfiger capsule collection at New York Fashion Week last month.#TOMMYXGIGI is casual and edgy, with some great investment buys, and McElhinneys are the exclusive stockists in the north west of these desirable pieces. Military clothing is so much more than khaki jackets this year, as navy styles are now firmly in the fashion frontline.As the nights grow dark and cold, we want to look our best without sacrificing our warmth. The party season is getting closer, which gives us a great excuse to wear luxurious fabrics and opulent prints.Jacquard, brocade and houndstooth fabrics create a vintage glamour which is perfect for special occasions, while some faux fur detailing never fails to add a deluxe feel.Visit www.mcelhinneys.com to find your new season cover-up and be fashionably cool this autumn. Tempting offers on fashionably cool coats at McElhinneys was last modified: October 7th, 2016 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:BallybofeycoatsFashionMCELHINNEYSSALEStylelast_img read more

SEX CASE HALTED AFTER JUDGE RECOGNISES POTENTIAL WITNESS

first_imgA sex abuse case had to be abandoned just minutes before it was due to start after the judge realised he knew one of the potential witnesses personally.Judge John O’HaganThe case against a Donegal man was due to start this morning at Letterkenny Circuit Court. The accused, who is in his 70s, is charged with indecent assault and gross indecency.The accused is charged with seven different charges including one of gross indency and six of indecent assault.At least one witness had come from outside the jurisdiction.A videolink had also been set up for the alleged victim to give evidence in the trial which was expected to last up to three days.However Judge John O’Hagan said he could not press ahead with the trial said it would be simply unfair to all parties if he did.He said he did not realise the person was involved until he came out of his chambers and saw the person sitting on the witness bench.“There is nothing I can do about it but it would be utterly wrong for me to hear it (the trial),” he said.He adjourned the case until the next sitting of the circuit court in April and said he would contact the President of the Circuit Court on the matter.SEX CASE HALTED AFTER JUDGE RECOGNISES POTENTIAL WITNESS was last modified: February 3rd, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegalJUdge John O’HaganLetterkenny Circuit Courtsex casewitnesslast_img read more

GAA NEWS: GLENSWILLY CLUB NEWS – CARDIAC RISK ASSESSMENT PROPOSAL

first_imgThe Club would like to congratulate Leon Kelly on his success with the County U-21 team on their emphatic 1-5 to 0-15 victory over Tyrone in the Ulster Quarter final last week. As a result the team will now face Derry on Wednesday 3rd April in the Semi Final of the Ulster Championship.The club are planning to organise a ‘cardiac risk assesment’, depending on people interested, aged between 14 and 35. The cost will be €45 if we get in excess of 35 people. This is a very worthwile investment considering the number of deaths caused by SADS in sport throughout Ireland in recent years. Anyone interested please contact Eddie Crawford on 086 8167305.The first senior and reserve league games throw in this weekend with a double weekend for both teams. They travel to Buncrana on Good Friday with the seniors commencing at 5:15pm and the reserves at 6:45pm, while on Easter Sunday they travel to Ballybofey to take on MacCumhaills, this time with the reserves starting at 1:30pm and the seniors at 3:00pm. Having lost out to Convoy in near Arctic conditions last friday night, the minors will be hoping to get back on track on Tuesdsay 2nd April with a win in the big local derby against Glenfin at home at 7:00pm.Church services over the Easter period will take place in the GAA club hall from Holy Thursday to Easter Sunday. The gym will be closed during service times.Last weeks club lotto numbers were 1,15,16,22. Match 3 winner was Raymond McDaid. This weeks winning numbers were 2,8,12,13. Match 3 winner Andy Moy. Next weeks sellers are Paddy McFadden and Caolan Kelly.A 5k race in aid of Donegal GAA funds will be held on Saturday 6th April in Ballybofey. Sponsorship cards are available from the club if anyone is interested. Any member suffering an injury as a result of club activities should contact the club secretary Sharon McGinty ASAP to comply with insurance claim regulations, if required.GAA NEWS: GLENSWILLY CLUB NEWS – CARDIAC RISK ASSESSMENT PROPOSAL was last modified: March 26th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Glenswilly Club noteslast_img read more

Mourinho hoping his absent players can be more like Rashford and Jones

first_img REVEALED How the Premier League table could change after the Boxing Day fixtures Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland possible standings Boxing Day fixtures: All nine Premier League games live on talkSPORT Man United transfer news live: Haaland ‘wants a change’, two players off in January who plays? Man United latest Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade How Man United could line up for Newcastle clash – will Pogba start? silverware 1center_img The manager has a number of players injured, including Nemanja Matic and Antonio Valencia and has been playing a mixture of first team players, reserves and U23 players.Mourinho also revealed he is keen to add two more players to his squad, but doubts he will be able to.So far, the club have signed Diogo Dalot from Porto, Lee Grant from Stoke and Fred from Shakhtar Donetsk.“I would like to have two more players,” Mourinho said after his side’s 4-1 defeat to Liverpool.“I think I am not going to have two. I think it’s possible I am going to have one. It’s possible.“I gave a list to the club of five names a few months ago and I wait to see if it is possible to have one of these players.“If it is possible it is possible, if it is not possible it is not possible. If it is possible, good, if it is not possible we keep fighting, working and believing in the players that we have.” Paul Pogba kisses the World Cup trophy he won with France on 15 July Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho wants his absent World Cup players to cut short their holidays and help the team out.So far the club have had an underwhelming pre-season tour of America where they have won once, on penalties against Milan, drawn twice and lost to Premier League rivals Liverpool. smart causal REVEALED deals England’s most successful clubs of the past decade, according to trophies won Every current Premier League club’s best kit from the past decade IN DEMAND Players like Paul Pogba, Jesse Lingard and Romelu Lukaku have been given time off to recover after their involvement at the World Cup, though England duo Marcus Rashford and Phil Jones have already come home.“I hope that the boys on deserved holidays take care of themselves a bit and that somebody wants to do what Rashford and Phil Jones decided to do, which is to be back a bit earlier to try to help the team because for the beginning of the season we are going to be in trouble,” Mourinho said. RANKED gameday cracker last_img read more

RECIPE FOR DISASTER! CONRAD’S RESTAURANTS GO BUST

first_imgTHE HIGH Court has ordered companies behind two of chef Conrad Gallagher’s restaurants in Dublin and Sligo to be wound up after they failing to pay more than €160,000 to the taxman!The order, made at the request of the Revenue yesterday, covers Boutique Restaurants Concepts Ltd, the company that ran Salon des Saveurs on Aungier Street, Dublin, and Super Potato, which was behind Conrad’s Kitchen in Sligo. Ms Justice Mary Laffoy made the orders on the grounds that both companies were insolvent and unable to pay their debts.Ian Lawlor, of JPA Brenson Lawlor Ltd, was appointed liquidator to both firms, which have registered addresses at Aungier Street, Dublin.Mr Gallagher is not a director of either company, which are in the names of his wife, Candice, and his mother, Evelyn.The legal team acting for the companies had asked the court for an adjournment to allow time to see if external funding could be obtained in order to satisfy the debt. Revenue opposed the adjournment application as “devoid of merit”. Ms Justice Laffoy asked whether “a bird in the hand was not worth two in the bush to Revenue”, but Mark O’Mahoney, for the Revenue, said he suspected “there was no bird at all”.He said no concrete offer had been made to settle the debt since the demands were made and nothing had been on paper to show the companies would be able to secure external funding.After the ruling Mr Gallagher issued a statement in which he claimed to have worked “aggressively” to try to reach an accommodation with the Revenue to avoid the need for a court hearing.“It was a surprise and shock that the collector general dealt with this matter in such a heavy-handed, speedy and costly manner, with no opportunity for resolution despite several offers being made by the companies,” the statement said. He recently closed Salon des Saveurs and opened two restaurants on Dublin’s Dawson Street.The Dining Room and the Tasting Room restaurants are now operating out of La Stampa Hotel in Dublin and are unaffected by yesterday’s court order.The Donegal man has vowed to pay the tax bill – despite yesterday’s ruling. RECIPE FOR DISASTER! CONRAD’S RESTAURANTS GO BUST was last modified: July 30th, 2011 by gregShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:conrad gallagher in debt againlast_img read more

Ohio Ag Net Podcast | Ep. 120 | Century Farms and the County Fair

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The team is back after a week break from the podcast for the Labor Day Holiday. This week, Matt catches up with Between the Rows farmers Lamar Liming and Dylan Baer. Dusty Sonnenberg hears from organic farmer Rick Clark. All that and much more in the Ohio Ag Net latest podcast, brought to you by AgriGold.last_img

4 Tools Every DP Should Own Before Buying Their First Camera

first_img2. Director’s ViewfinderImage from Alan Gordon EnterprisesDespite the name, a director’s viewfinder isn’t just for the director. It’s needed just as much for you, the DP, as it is for them. Much in the same way that a light meter will save you time on set, so will a viewfinder. It will allow you to simulate various focal lengths withouts actually having to change lenses on your camera. When dealing with a cinema camera — particularly one that is properly rigged up with a mattebox, follow focus, etc. — it can take a fair amount of time just to change lenses… and on a film set, every second counts.The last thing that you want is to be the person that’s slowing down your entire crew. That’s certainly a very real possibility if you are unsure of your lens selection and get caught attempting to swap out primes every few minutes just to know what your framing is going to look like.Director’s viewfinders aren’t always cheap, but they are worth their weight in gold if you use them efficiently. If you’re on a tight budget, there are plenty of iPhone and Android apps that allow you to simulate a director’s viewfinder right on your phone.Here’s a video from HollywoodCameraWork about working with a director’s viewfinder. Before you rush out to buy your first fancy camera, make sure you’re prepared for battle with these four tools every DP should have in their kit.Being a great DP involves a whole lot more than just buying a capable camera and a decent set of lenses. In fact, a lot of the tools you may not have even considered investing in will ultimately have a much bigger impact on your work than the camera itself.Anyone can go out and buy a RED camera if they have enough money, but that doesn’t mean the images they capture are going to look good. I’ve seen many colleagues go out and buy an expensive cinema camera only to be let down with the results because they weren’t prepared to shoot with it. A huge part of achieving a cinematic image involves understanding the fundamentals of cinematography, and having the right tools to put those fundamentals to use and create images that look amazing no matter what camera you’re shooting on.We all know that lights are a DP’s best friend, and lighting itself warrants its own article, as it is such a complex topic. But for the purpose of this article, I won’t be focusing on lights at all – or lenses for that matter. Instead we’ll touch on four of the most overlooked tools every DP should own before stepping onto set.1. Light MeterImage from B&HNever make the mistake of believing that you don’t need a light meter just because your camera has built in exposure tools (like zebras, or a histogram). The bottom line is that there is a reason why the most professional DPs in the industry use light meters on every project.They know that every lighting situation they will ever encounter will be different and, as such, want to be prepared for complete accuracy. Light meters are relatively cheap (at least some of them are) and are pretty easy to learn how to use, even if you’ve never used one before. The small investment of your time it will take to understand the fundamentals of how a light meter works, and lighting ratios in general, will quickly pay off when you get to set and you are able to capture better results far more quickly.There are certain types of shooting situations where it’s difficult to use a light meter (such as run and gun shoots or documentary projects), but for narrative films they are absolutely essential. I highly recommend them for anyone that wants to step up their game as a DP.Here’s a video from No Film School that covers the ins and outs of using a light meter. 4. Black Wrap and GelsImage from Cowboy StudioEven if you don’t own a lighting kit, you’re going to want to make sure that you own a nice selection of black wrap and gels so that you can control the spill and color temperature of every light in your scene.Whether you’re using a proper film lighting kit or simply using practicals, there will be situations in nearly every shot that require additional lighting control. Black wrap is a DP’s best friend, as it allows you to:Very quickly and easily cover annoying and unflattering light sources, like pot lights that won’t turn off, and…Easily cover the spill from the back of film lights so they don’t interfere with the rest of your setup.Gels are often used to balance tungsten lights to daylight so that a light source inside a room can match with window light coming in from outside, and they can also be used to do some on-set color correction. For instance, you might have some overhead fluorescent lights that are causing a green cast on your talent’s skin, but by using the right gel you can completely eliminate that color cast. Not to mention, gels are an excellent tool for getting creative and developing interesting backlights, hair lights, and other sources that can give your image a distinct look of its own.Here’s a quick video from thesubstream that looks at the benefits of black wrap. 3. A Great Selection of FiltersImage from Rocketfish“Fix it in post” is an expression that’s uttered far too often on film sets. At this point, it’s becoming somewhat of a joke. It’s become so unbelievably common these days for DPs to get lazy on set and rely too heavily on their post team or colorist to fix issues that could have been prevented or solved on set. This notion not only applies to technical issues, but also creative choices… and it’s really surprising how many DPs are willing to let the colorist do their work for them, as opposed to capturing the image that they want in camera.In the film days, there was only one way to capture an image: in camera. You had to get it right the first time around, and there was no other way about it. While color timing did exist back then (by using actual chemicals in a lab), there was never such a huge amount of control over an image in post as there is today. That meant that DPs had to ensure that they were capturing everything just right from the get-go, and, consequently, they had to be very creative with their use of filters.So, if you’re going after the cinematic look, you’ll want to stay true to your craft in every way possible — and sometimes that means taking the more traditional path with your creative choices. Always be sure to have a diverse filter kit with everything from your basic UV/ND filters to polarizers and color gradient filters… and know when and where to use them. By working this way, you’ll force yourself to make more definitive and creative decisions on set, where it really counts, and you’ll maintain more control over the final product.Check out this video from mediahaloTV that explores the world of filters. Interested in learning some more cinematography tips, techniques, and tricks? Take a peek at these articles from PremiumBeat:7 Iconic Hollywood Cinematography TechniquesCinematography Tips: Light Your Scene With A Single Light5 Ways to Improve Your Cinematography Right Now!What tools do YOU carry in your DP kit? Got anything you’d add to this list? Let us know in the comments below!last_img read more