President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf has lauded Montserrado County Representative Saah Joseph for his level of dedication and love exhibited for Liberia and Liberians especially during the peak of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) crisis when he, though being a legislator, took upon himself to make sacrifices in an effort to save the lives of his compatriots.President Sirleaf, in a retrospective tone, reflected on the Montserrado County lawmaker as one of the first responders on the Ebola frontline. “You were one of the first on the Ebola frontline and faced the virus when a lot of people did not know the disease well and were afraid and confused.“You and your team braved the storm when doctors, nurses and other healthcare workers as well as our citizens were dying in their numbers; you are a true servant and hero of our country,” President Sirleaf informed Representative Joseph.President Sirleaf made the statement when she received a 20-member team of the First Responders Emergency Medical Services Incorporated (FREMSI) of Representative Joseph at the Foreign Ministry in Monrovia.FREMSI is a medical services provider established and operated by the Montserrado District #13 Representative. It was established during the heat of the Ebola crisis in Liberia and is now being considered as one of the heroes of the fight against the scourge as a result of the cardinal role it played in the fight.Representative Joseph ran an emergency ambulance service during the Ebola crisis-being one of the first, when the international community was still asleep and not even thinking about how to intervene in the crisis to beef-up efforts to contain the virus.The FREMSI team was led to the President’s office by the Congress for Democratic Change (CDC) lawmaker himself. He had gone to inform President Sirleaf that his organization had concluded all arrangements for the deployment of a 20-member response team with three ambulances to aid the fight against Ebola in Sierra Leone.His effort is in support of the Liberian Government’s pledge to assist the people of Sierra Leone in their fight against the further spread of the deadly Ebola virus disease.President Sirleaf lauded Representative Joseph for his commitment to help eradicate the deadly Ebola virus disease not just from Liberia, but the entire sub-region and expressed government’s admiration and appreciation for the work of FREMSI.With a huge success in Liberia’s battle against Ebola, President Sirleaf weeks ago announced plans to assist the Sierra Leonean Government in its effort to eradicate the Ebola virus.She described the news of Liberia’s deployment in Sierra Leone by FREMSI as wonderful news that must be celebrated. She promised government’s support to the team and indicated that Liberia has already deployed a mobile testing lab to Sierra Leone and will send additional healthcare workers from the African Union team currently in Liberia.President Sirleaf recognized Liberia’s success in the Ebola fight but warned that the country should not be complacent. “We must all continue to follow the preventative measures and other rules that have impacted our success against the deadly Ebola virus disease,” she urged.Representative Joseph informed President Sirleaf that his team will basically facilitate the timely transport of sick persons to testing and treatment facilities in Sierra Leone and will not be involved with work activities in Ebola Treatment Units.He pointed out that though his effort was a private and personal initiative, the team will be representing Liberia. “This is why we thought it very important to meet with you and seek your blessings before departure for Sierra Leone. FREMSI is very happy and proud to be able to help our brothers and sisters on the other side on behalf of our country and people,” Representative Joseph informed President Sirleaf. He used the occasion to appreciate members of his team for their sacrifice and commitment to serving humanity even with risk to their personal safety and wellbeing. “You have served Liberia well and now prepared to do the same for your brothers and sisters in Sierra Leone in a show of great solidarity and I remain very proud of you all,” he declared.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf has expressed serious displeasure at the news of the vandalism and looting of properties at Golden Veroleum-Liberia (GVL) in Butaw, Sinoe County on Tuesday, May 26.“As a government, we cannot allow a few people to undermine the interest of this country; to run investors away and to make sure that we do not attract what we need to achieve our development goals,” President Sirleaf stated.According to an Executive Mansion release, Madam Sirleaf said her government will respond to the violence ‘in a very effective way’.President Sirleaf was addressing journalists at the Roberts International Airport upon returning from Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire where she participated in the 50th Anniversary celebrations of the African Development Bank.She indicated that her government cannot continue to go out and attract investments to create jobs, and others engage in violence that scares away investors.“When I returned the last time you may recall, I said to Liberians that we cannot continue to go out and attract investment, bring people to do business and create jobs and then when you have these kinds of violence, it takes away from our effort and people run away from the country,” a visibly upset President Sirleaf said. “Money only goes to the place where it’s safe. They [investors] don’t go where they’re frightened,” she said.At the request of Vice President Joseph Boakai during a visit to Indonesia in April, a senior Vice President of Golden Veroleum was visiting the company’s operations in Sinoe County when the violence and destruction unfolded.An annoyed President Sirleaf vowed not to allow this to continue, stressing, “People cannot undermine the interest of the millions of others in this country that are looking for jobs, that want to be safe, that want to make sure that this country progresses.”She urged all Liberians to stand against violent behavior “because it takes away from us, our livelihood and success.”It may be recalled that angry protesters in a violent demonstration last Tuesday attacked facilities of Golden Veroleum in Butaw, Sinoe County and took hostage several individuals, including Gender and Development Minister, Angela Cassell, Deputy Internal Affairs Minister who was injured and an Indonesian worker of the company.According to the Liberia National Police, both ministers were later released upon the collaborative intervention of UNMIL.The demonstrators who were armed with cutlasses and other deadly instruments attacked the Golden Veroleum mess hall and looted several items, causing company workers to flee into nearby bushes for safety, a release by the LNP said.Police Director Clarence Massaquoi informed leaders of the protestors, headed by a man identified as Terry Pirnos, in a phone contact about the consequences of their actions and cautioned them to avoid further destruction of the company’s properties.The extent of the damages is yet to be determined but Director Massaquoi warned the demonstrators that the law would take its course where necessary.President Sirleaf’s warning that the government would respond ‘in a very effective way’ indicates determination to hold those involved responsible for their actions. Meanwhile, the LNP said a team of Police Support Unit (PSU), and Emergency Response Unit (ERU) was dispatched to the scene of the violence and eventually brought the situation under control. However, the LNP has not confirmed the arrest of any of the ring leaders and has also not provided reasons for the violent protest.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
The president of the Rubber Planters Association of Liberia, Wilhelmina Mulbah-SiawayThe Government through the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning (MFDP) has made a stimulus package of US$1.725 million loan, equivalent to over three million, two hundred thousand Liberian dollars, to the membership of the Rubber Planters Association of Liberia (RPAL), which is currently being processed through the Liberia Bank for Development and Investment (LBDI).The president of the Rubber Planters Association of Liberia, Wilhelmina Mulbah-Siaway, thanked the government for the loan and suggested that they should work together in maintaining the rubber industry as Liberia’s traditional cash crop commodity.Mulbah-Siaway, who spoke to journalists at a press conference in Monrovia, described the loan as a “stimulus package for struggling rubber farmers and the resuscitation of their production.”According to her, the loan will enhance the industry’s ability to intervene in the foreign exchange market, and to support stability of the exchange rate and boost the country’s economy.The loan, according to Mulbah-Siaway, will be managed by LBDI with an interest rate of eight percent due to be paid in four years.She noted that with this recent intervention and sustained support to this sector, in a relatively short period the Liberia rubber sector will be revitalized and positioned to contribute again to meaningful jobs creation, foreign exchange earnings and GOL revenues.“As the umbrella organization of all rubber farmers and plantations owners in Liberia RPAL wishes to recognize and appreciate the Government of Liberia (GOL) for its continuous support to the rubber sector of Liberia though stimulus funding during this period of sustained decline of rubber price on the global market with double negative impacts on the local market in the country,” the RPAL president said.She said the Government support is consistent with its policy developing the agriculture sector as a major engine of growth and development of the Liberian economy.Madam Mulbah-Siaway said the rubber sector is the pre-eminent provider of revenues for the Government, export earnings and jobs in the rural economy, the Government continues to support the sector by creating an enabling policy environment and initiating stimulus funding to keep the Liberian-owned rubber farms and plantations operational in these difficult times and has also reaffirmed its commitment to transitioning the sector products from sales of raw materials to value addition.She said, “We are gratified to hear President George Weah mentioned in his May 29th, 2019 address to the nation the importance of the rubber sector to the economy and the challenges farmers face to remain in production so as to continue to impact the national economy.”As the president has mentioned the importance of the rubber sector to the national economy, she hopes that the Government will continue to work with the RPAL and all stakeholders in moving the rubber sector to an economically sustainable level.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
GuySuCo needs no clearance from GAWU on ventures – Minister HolderThe Guyana Agricultural and General Workers Union (GAWU) has stated that they were left out of theAgriculture Minister Noel Holder (second right) in discussion with GuySuCo’s management team at Wales Sugar Estate, West Bank Demerara on Fridayconsultation on cultivating rice on the Wales Sugar Estate lands, and Agriculture Minister Noel Holder is firing back that the Guyana Sugar Corporation (GuySuCo) Inc, does not need the Union’s opinion on any of its financial ventures.Last week, the Corporation published an advertisement in the State-owned Guyana Chronicle inviting bids for clearing of 484 acres of land, out of 3000 acres, on the former sugar plots. GuySuCo stated that the land was “required to be cleared of all vegetation to facilitate laser land levelling for rice cultivation,” making it the first solid statement on the fate of the Estate.GAWU indicated that they were surprised “to learn through a newspaper advertisement” that GuySuCo was seeking to pursue rice cultivation at the estate. However, both the Ministry and GuySuCo had announced that they were pursuing feasibility studies on rice, aqua-culture, citrus crops and dairy production on the cane lands.Notably, however, the Union underscored that the Sugar Corporation had promised to keep the Union abreast with its ventures in Wales. “In spite of that commitment, GuySuCo did not even inform our Union or the workers about their plans, much less sharing their ideas and intentions and to solicit the GAWU’s contribution,” GAWU said in a statement.GAWU said this “shunning” of the workers and the Union represents is another blunder of the management of the sugar entity and their advisors.“Assuming there is a report from a study of growing rice at Wales, it is being treated as highly confidential at this time,” it added, noting that, “The least we expect from GuySuCo’s hierarchy is to provide the relevant essential information to its employees”.GAWU questioned whether the rice venture is another instance of “GuySuCo being penny-wise and pound-foolish”.Meanwhile, Holder defended the Corporation’s move to plant rice on the lands, affirming that GuySuCo was approached by the Guyana Rice Development Board (GRDB) with the idea and that the board would be pumping the funds in the venture and not GuySuCo.Nevertheless, he charged that the Corporation is not answerable to GAWU on any of its financial ventures.“GuySuCo is there to manage the industry not GAWU. GAWU needs to be reminded that they are neither the employer nor a shareholder of GuySuCo and that they are not helping the situation,” he said, pointing out that if the Union continues along this path it will lead to the destruction of the industry.Holder vowed that the Corporation is working in the interest of the workers to save the industry.“GuySuCo is looking for economic ventures and this is one,” he argued.Contrarily, GAWU contended that at this time, when world market prices are uneconomical, rice cultivation may very well have been “ill-considered”.Moreover, GAWU stated that it is not to be ignored that contemporary rice cultivation is largely mechanised and thus such a project will only absorb a small fraction of those displaced sugar workers of Wales Estate who may wish to seek re-employment.The Union contended further that over decades ago, the Corporation hastily implemented an ‘Other Crops Division’ of which rice cultivation was featured. That investment was costly and it was later abandoned after it was deemed unsustainable and unprofitable, it highlighted, adding that that as such, rice it is not feasible.On the other hand, Holder stated that while he respects the Union’s opinion; neither GuySuCo nor the Ministry agree with it. “Rice prices might be low yes, but sugar is lower,” he highlighted.Meanwhile, in a press statement released by the Agriculture Ministry, Holder, along with the team who were formed to craft GuySuCo’s Diversification programme, met with GuySuCo’s management at the Wales Estate.The statement said that the purpose of the visit was to get a first-hand look at progress made thus far, as it relates to the diversification plan for the industry using Wales Estate as the model location.Additionally, Holder was quoted giving assurance that the plan of action for implementation of the diversification programme is on schedule.
…imprisonment, fines for unlicensed service providersBy Jarryl BryanWith a view of ending the opportunities for bandits to prey on bank customers leaving financial institutions, Government at the last sitting of the National Assembly brought a draft National Payments System Bill to the floor for its first reading.The Bill, in fact, contains provisions for persons to use “electronic money” through SIM cards and software accepted as a means of payment. There are also provisions for presenting cheques in electronic form.There are also penalties, which range from a fine of $500,000 and two years’ imprisonment if convicted as an individual, to a $2 million fine as a body corporate. Part 12, Section 51 speaks to various offences and penalties designed to keep the payment system running smoothly.A model of how the system would workThe penalties apply to Sections seven and eight (attaining a licence before providing payment system or service). The Act states that banks, as direct participants in the system, do not have to acquire a licence. The same applies for money transfer service providers. However, section three (a) adds that they must comply with all other requirements of the Act.The penalties also apply to Section 13, which prohibits transferring licences, as well as Section 23, which mandates compliance with the Anti-Money Laundering and Countering the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) laws.In Section 32, operators are also prohibited from outsourcing its services without the bank’s approval. In Section 33, they also have to seek approval in order to use agents. And then there are those who refuse to comply with any order issued by the Bank of Guyana as an administrative measure.According to Section 50 (4), “a person who fails to comply with an order issued, pay a fine imposed or otherwise comply with administrative measures taken by the bank in accordance with this section commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction as specified in Section 51.”StrategyA National Payment System (NPS) is an infrastructure that provides the economy with the channels or circuits for processing the payments resulting from the many different types economic transactions that take place daily.The Bank of Guyana (BoG) was tasked with leading the development and implementation of a strategic approach to advance the development of Guyana’s NPS, by establishing the parameters to guide policy and set priorities.After widespread consultations with stakeholders, Central Bank, with assistance from the World Bank, last year commenced putting together a four-year comprehensive plan that would see the strategic transformation of the local payment system from paper-based mechanisms to electronic payments.The National Payment System Strategy (2017-2021) was handed over to Government last month. This is a developmental plan that envisions a “robust, sound, efficient and inclusive National Payment System (NPS) that meets the current and future needs of the economy, support financial activity and financial sector development, advances the use of electronic payments, contributes to financial risk mitigation, achieves compatibility with international systems, and adheres to the relevant international standards, guidelines and codes.”The 59-page strategy and action plan is centred around nine pillars of a conceptual framework developed by the Work Bank on National Payment System. These include: legal framework, large value payments, retail payments, Government transactions, securities depository, clearing and settlement, money markets, international remittances, oversight and cooperation.It is understood that this strategy will aim to establish legal clarity and certainty to cover several areas, such as electronic funds transfer, e-money and cheque truncation. Additionally, steps will be made towards enhancing the efficiency of payment processing and the reduction of settlement times for both retail and large value transactions.The strengthening of risk management and mitigation across the national payments system and the expansion of the accessibility of electronic payment access networks will also be under focus.One of the stated goals was for Central Bank to seek to attract higher rates of electronic payment acceptance by vendors, merchants and other providers of goods and services, as well as advance the migration of Government to electronic payments for both the collection and disbursement of funds. Another goal is driving down remittance costs.Back in 2016, Governor of the Bank of Guyana, Dr Gobind Ganga, had announced that Guyana could be saving as much as $6 million annually with a modernised payment system that makes optimum use of electronic payments.
0Shares0000AC Milan’s Italian coach Gennaro Gattuso reacts during the Santiago Bernabeu Trophy football match between Real Madrid and AC Milan in Madrid on August 11, 2018. © AFP / GABRIEL BOUYSMILAN, Italy, Aug 16 – Arsenal goalkeeper David Ospina joined Napoli with Villarreal’s Samu Castillejo and Genoa’s Diego Laxalt completing medicals at AC Milan among a late flurry of action Thursday on the eve of the transfer deadline in Italy.Colombian international Ospina’s arrival comes amid criticism from fans at the lack of spending by new coach Carlo Ancelotti’s Serie A runners-up compared to champions Juventus who splashed out 100 million euro to bring Real Madrid superstar Cristiano Ronaldo to Turin. There are fears slim pickings including goalkeeper Alex Meret, midfielder Fabian Ruiz and forward Simone Verdi may not be enough for Napoli to keep pace with rivals Juventus, Inter and AC Milan.Juventus top the summer spending with 235 million euros invested in new players — more than double rivals AS Roma and Napoli — as Serie A clubs have already spent more than a billion euros, second among the top five European leagues behind the big-spending English Premier League.With the transfer window slamming shut in Italy at 9:00pm EAT on Friday, Serie A teams have time to overtake the 1.037 billion euros spent last summer.Ospina — who had fallen out of favour in London after the signing of Bernd Leno from Bayer Leverkusen — will cover for Meret, who broke his arm in training last month.Gennaro Gattuso’s AC Milan have had some late signings with Chelsea midfielder Tiemoue Bakayoko, Laxalt and Castillejo arriving at the San Siro.Bakayoko has agreed a season-long loan which could be turned into a permanent move.Spaniard Castillejo, 23, reportedly agreed a deal to leave Villarreal on loan with obligation to buy for 18 million euros, with Carlos Bacca going the other way.Left-back Laxalt completed his Milan medical, and can officially sign from Genoa.For Gattuso, the dream of the final hours of the market remains Lazio midfielder Sergej Milinkovic-Savic, to back up new signing Gonzalo Higuain and Patrick Cutrone.At city rivals Inter Milan, hopes of signing Real Madrid’s Croatian international midfielder Luka Modric are fading, with Roma’s Radja Nainggolan and Argentina striker Lautaro Martinez among the big summer arrivals.After the departure of Nainggolan and goalkeeper Alisson to Liverpool, Champions League semi-finalists Roma have boosted their squad with winger Justin Kluivert, midfielder Javier Pastore and French World Cup winner Steven Nzonzi from Sevilla.“We did what we wanted, we moved quickly to have the squad straight away, then we continued to monitor the market for opportunities,” explained Roma sporting director Monchi at Nzonzi’s presentation at the Stadio Olimpico on Thursday.“I’m happy, even if you can always do better.“We are not a team that sells only, we are the club that spent the third most. I’ve never had a “no” from the club management for the players I wanted.“We have the ambition and a plan to take Roma as high as possible.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
It was once a popular pastime for many people in Letterkenny until it was allowed to fall by the wayside like so many others before it.But the famous Skittle Alley at Lower Main Street is enjoying a popular revival.Thanks to a county council-assisted grant and the passion of a few locals, Skittle Alley is bowling them over once again. There are now eight teams competing in the Skittle Alley league on a Saturday evening in the busy town.A milling crowd is the only clue that something a little different is taking place as delivery trucks and people going about their daily business pass by.The crudest way to describe the game is bowling with sticks.Freshly-cut tree branches are stripped of their leaves and smaller and turned into solid tree cuts. They are then thrown the length of skittle alley to knock skittles of their perch at the other end.Local man Richard ‘Dickie’ McGranaghan from The Row remembers playing the game as a young man in the 70s.He’s delighted the pastime has returned and brought a sense of the old town back with it.“It’s great to see it back and people learning how to play skittles again.“I remember passing hours here as a younger man and the craic used to be great. “It’s great to see that we are able to revive those times once again,” he said.Local town councillor Tom Crossan also remembers when skittles was big business in the Cathedral Town.As he marks the scores in the comfort (and safety!!) of his van, Cllr Crossan is part of a legacy not only trying to revive traditions of old, but keen to pass them on to the next generation.An odd wager between teams keeps it interesting. But it’s the social legacy that is the most important aspect of all such pastimes.For those couple of hours, the players at skittle alley can forget their troubles, mortgages, bills and whatever else may be causing them to sleep a little less at night.A simple tradition for simple times.EndsSKITTLE ALLEY IS BOWLING THEM OVER IN LETTERKENNY was last modified: September 8th, 2011 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:letterkennySkittle Alley
160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week Outlandish theories about the origin of Bigfoot abound, including that it might be an extraterrestrial. Many believe that a towering, apelike creature descended from a prehistoric 9- to 10-foot-tall gorilla called a Gigantopithecus, and that it now inhabits North American forests. Hoaxes have been a large part of the making of the Bigfoot legend. California construction company owner Ray L. Wallace donned 16-inch wooden feet to create tracks in mud in 1958, and it led to a front-page story in a local paper that coined the term “Bigfoot.” But there have been more than 2,550 seemingly credible Bigfoot sightings reported in North America in the past century, according to Christopher L. Murphy’s 2004 book “Meet the Sasquatch.” Colyer and others estimate that about 2,000 are in North America today, reclusive nocturnal animals living in thickly wooded areas with waterways, eating meat and plants and making nests out of trees and brush. JEFFERSON, Texas – Next to a lifelike replica of a giant ape head, the believers milled around tables Saturday covered with casts of large footprints, books about nature’s mysteries and T-shirts proclaiming “Bigfoot: Often Imitated, Never Invalidated.” While they can have a sense of humor about it, the search for the legendary Sasquatch is no joke for many of the nearly 400 people who came here to discuss the latest sightings and tracking techniques at the Texas Bigfoot Conference. “It’s not a matter of believing, like faith, when you believe in something you can’t see,” said Daryl G. Colyer, a Lorena businessman who has investigated hundreds of reported Bigfoot sightings in Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana. “It’s a flesh-and-blood animal that just has not been discovered yet. And I think we’re getting closer and closer and closer,” Colyer said.
OTTAWA — Erik Karlsson didn’t have to hold a press conference Saturday in his return to the city where he spent the first nine seasons of his NHL career and became one of the area’s most beloved athletes.No, things were a little calmer considering the Sharks simply flew into town from Toronto mid-day and had the rest of the afternoon and evening to themselves.Although it will no doubt still be special for Karlsson to come back to the Cansdian Tire Centre on Sunday when the Sharks face the …
Storm windows with a low-e coating reduce heating and cooling costs, increase airtightness, and offer similar energy benefits as new windows but at a much lower cost, a recent federal study says.Researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, Washington, used two modular houses, one with low-e storm windows and one without, to compare energy use. Their findings support results from a number of field trials, including a 2007 Chicago study by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy said in a press release that the results were an important step in making low-e storm windows more available through weatherization and utility incentive programs.A low-e, or low-emissivity, coating is a very thin layer of metal that reflects radiant energy and lowers the U-factor of the glass. Low-e coatings are common on all types of new and replacement windows, but apparently haven’t made as big an impact in the storm window market.Adding low-e storms is much cheaper than a wholesale window replacement, but provides similar energy savings. The Department of Energy estimates that low-e storms cost between $60 and $200 per window, and says they can be installed quickly. Lowe’s lists a 36-inch by 55-inch low-e aluminum storm on its web site for $94.“You hear the word ‘storm window’ and think immediately of Grandma’s storm windows, which had to be removed seasonally and were clunky, ugly old things,” said Tom Culp of Birch Point Consulting, a member of the PNNL team. “Today’s storm window not only offers a new, modern design, it brings a tremendous opportunity to cost effectively improve performance in windows. Low-e storm windows today cost about a quarter of what full window replacement would cost but bring similar energy savings. They’re operable, add comfort, and have a modern aesthetic.” Details of the lab’s testingThe research was carried out at a pair of 1,500-square-foot houses, identical in construction and performance, according to the lab. Researchers installed exterior low-e storm windows over the double-pane, clear glass, aluminum-frame windows in one of the houses while leaving the second house as it was. Then they measured energy use.For identical occupancy conditions, the house with the low-e storm windows used an average of 10.5% less energy in the heating season and 8% less for the cooling season. Researchers compared air leakage, energy use, and interior temperatures during the 2013 summer cooling season and the 2014 winter heating season.Extrapolating the energy savings for typical heating degree days and cooling degree days, the lab estimated annual energy savings of 10.1%, or 2,2167 kilowatt hours. The simple payback of adding the windows was between 5 and 7 years.The lab said that the storm windows affected heating, cooling, and ventilation in four ways:Reduced conductive heat transfer because of the insulating capabilities of the storm windows.Reduced convective heat transfer because of the extra layer of glass, the air space between the window and storm window, and better airtightness.Reduced energy losses due to radiation.Reduced solar gain because of a slightly lower solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC).Low-e storms also would make occupants feel more comfortable because of lower radiant heat exchanges between them and the surface of a window or wall.The report added several caveats. “The low-e storm windows evaluated in this study are characterized as having relatively high SHGCs; thus, there is limited impact on solar gains through the window,” the report notes. “This type of glass is ideal for northern climates. The test results suggest that the energy savings were primarily realized due to the decreased U-factor through the window, with no significant changes observed in infiltration.“The low-e storm windows did not significantly decrease the air leakage of the home due to the airtightness of the baseline primary window (i.e., the primary windows are already well-sealed),” it continues, “For homes with ‘leakier’ older windows, the storm windows would likely generate more savings than observed in this study.”The report says that preliminary results of a study to measure the effects of internal low-e storm windows suggested similar energy savings, but added that further testing was needed. Big potential market, and big potential savingsThe study cites estimates that more than 75% of all U.S. homes have single-pane or double-pane clear-glass windows. The high cost of window replacement has kept low-e windows out of big parts of the market.“While the window industry has made many advances in energy efficiency over the last decade, the installation of low-emissivity (low-e) double-pane windows has largely been limited to new housing and major remodeling projects in part because of the large expense of replacing windows,” the study says.Modern low-e storm windows are designed for permanent installation — you don’t have to take them off in the summer and put them back on in the fall — and they can be opened in summer for ventilation. They can be used on commercial and institutional windows as well as single-family homes, and if they were widely used they could save as much as 2 quads of energy annually in the U.S., the amount of electricity used by 55 million homes, the lab said. Confirming results of earlier studiesA number of other studies suggested that low-e storm windows would mean significant energy savings. In the Berkeley Lab study, researchers replaced existing storm windows on six Chicago homes — four got low-e storm windows and the other two got clear-glass storm windows. The masonry houses with uninsulated exterior walls were typical for the area, and all had single-pane primary windows. Researchers kept track of energy use before and after the storm windows were installed.What researchers found was reduced air leakage of between 5.7% and 8.6% and energy savings ranging from 8% to 27%. Annual savings from reduced gas consumption alone were estimated as high as $600 (at a gas cost of $1.39 per therm).Other field tests in different parts of the country showed lower heating and cooling costs, and fewer air leaks with the low-e storms, but the controlled, side-by-side experiments in Washington State provided more comprehensive data, the report says.“The data collected as a result of the PNNL Lab Homes experiments can complement previous modeling and field studies to help describe the performance of exterior low-e storm windows as a retrofit option for typical residential homes,” it notes. “The detailed results describe the performance of the low-e storm windows more precisely than field studies, because the experiments are not confounded by weather or occupancy impacts, and thus can also be used to calibrate whole-house energy models.”